Coccydynia is a type of lower back pain felt around the last bone at the base of the spine (known as the coccyx or tailbone)
The pain of coccydynia can range from mild to severe and is usually worse when sitting down. Some people can only tolerate sitting in the same position for a few minutes before having to move to relieve the pain.
The coccyx is referred to as the "tail bone". It's located just above the crack in the buttocks, and curves forward so that it points towards the front of the body.
The coccyx is made up of three small bones, loosely fused together. They become more flexible in pregnant women to help them give birth more easily.
The coccyx has two main functions:
- • It bears weight of the upper body when somebody is sitting down.
- • Various muscles, tendons and ligaments are attached to it.
- • pulling the coccyx out of its normal position, either through poor posture or repeating wrong biomechanical activity, or such as cycling or rowing
- • The muscles and ligaments supporting the coccyx stretching out of place during childbirth.
- • Trauma to the coccyx, resulting from an accident/trauma
In around 1/3rdof cases of coccydynia, no obvious cause can be found, although age-related "wear and tear" may play a part.
Treating coccydynia Tail bone pain at Osteorehab:
Spinal manipulation techniques such as physiotherapy, osteopathy and chiropractic can provide relief from pain..
Who is affected?
Coccydynia is uncommon. It is estimated around 1 in 100 cases of lower back pain are the result of coccydynia. Women are five times more likely to develop coccydynia than men due to the association with childbirth. Older adults are more prone to coccydynia, but the condition can affect people of all ages, including children.
Outlook of Tailbone pain
The outlook for most cases of coccydynia is good. The condition usually responds well to conventional treatment such as chiropractic and the pain will usually resolve within a few weeks.
In a minority of cases the pain can persist for more than three months, which is known as chronic coccydynia. Chronic coccydynia is unlikely to clear up by itself and will probably require a combination of treatments including chiropractic, physiotherapy and osteopathy.